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AI Advances in Design

AI

How the Machines can enable us to construct Another World

Engineering appears to be one of those controls where man-made consciousness (AI) clearly stands zero chance against human imagination and adaptability. Be that as it may, regardless of whether a machine would never substitute the psyche of a living planner, development and programming organizations are fusing AI at an unfaltering rate, conceivably abandoning engineers in the innovation race. AI will enter the engineering field regardless, on the grounds that that is the pattern of each other propelled discipline out there. Along these lines, the most ideal approach to see it is to grasp it and see how it will improve the regular routine with regards to a great many experts.

Gathering and Sharing Information

Two words: enormous information. Present day planners need to depend on information to propel their calling and improve the structure procedure. Aggregating however much information as could be expected is, along these lines, urgent in the modernizing procedure, and AI is at the focal point of each other information gathering, stockpiling and sharing procedure today. Sharing data between firms, contractual workers and proprietors is a typical event since it enables driving development systems to advance and can impact better structure and extend conveyance.

Entries like the Building Research Information Knowledgebase (BRIK) have been executed to share plan and practice thoughts through contextual analyses made available, however, these arrangements still linger behind the enormous information-driven methodologies utilized at a modern dimension. Just sharing a few notes by means of emails and formal gatherings isn’t sufficient to confront the test of exploiting the maximum capacity of the huge information cloud on a huge scale.

Facilitating the Planner’s Life

Man-made brainpower and robots are, as a matter of first importance, spectacular partners. Computerization apparatuses are uncommon assistance on the little scale, ready to accelerate the examination and configuration process at the individual dimension. For instance, one of the greatest difficulties of an engineering configuration process is the data gathering step that requires going forward and backward from the site, taking pictures, estimating and outlining. In any case, there’s a great deal of data that is as of now available online that enables the expert to take advantage of it and reenact splendidly the encompassing web-page without being physically there. And this data is latently gathered by the IoT consistently. Shrewd devices can gather this data and help the planners produce a reasonable domain with moment accuracy without leaving their workplaces. There’s no compelling reason to explain how helpful this computational power can be in the imaginative procedure.

New devices presently enable the designer to simply include their task parameters and the product will at that point propose a scope of arrangements that satisfy these criteria. For instance, Dream catcher programming has been intended to coordinate an improved parametric plan with Revit and Dynamo. Computer-aided design models of the encompassing site and other information are gathered from enormous cloud databases, and afterward, an AI calculation recommends enhanced 3D structure arrangements prepared to render. The outcomes are astounding, as the product regularly mimics basic standards found in nature to create liquid and strong structures that have been utilized, for instance, to build up MX3D‘s steel connect in Amsterdam.

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Wise Robot Crafters

A standout amongst the most genuinely astonishing employments of AI in design is the usage of completely robotized robots and automatons that could manufacture whole urban communities. On account of the potential outcomes given by AI, independent automatons would now be able to team up to assemble building structures by cooperating as a group.

Be that as it may, machines can accomplish something other than heap up two or three blocks. Reconciliation between 3D printing innovation and AI programming can possibly bring forth another age of “robot crafters” that can make each segment of a structure starting with no outside help. They can even organize complex structures, print building-scale rooms from sandstone, or even repair old statues with stunning exactness.

In the long run, they will likewise help in development work locales, managing pretty much every errand, from welding to concrete apportioning, and streamlining coordination’s and HR. They can be utilized to avoid chances and improve security, for instance, by recognizing missing components and missteps in the development procedure progressively.

Client Commitment and Gamification

Everyone likes playing The Sims, a standout amongst the most well-known computer game establishments ever. Did you realize that The Sims was initially structured as a design reenactment alone? However, it was fun to the point that they chose to make a diversion out of it. Some cutting edge design programming, for example, Solidarity 3D is produced for amusement motors, and a significant part of the advanced AI innovation has begun from the gaming business. How about we come clean: Everyone cherishes customizing his or her very own home to a limited degree.

EA Answers HQ

The game procedure goes the two different ways, however. On one hand, it enables modelers to build their customer commitment and fulfillment using expanded reality instruments that enable clients to feel and experience an undertaking before it is finished. Customers may pick the details of their future houses by “living” them in the expanded reality world, and, in the meantime, the AI is bolstered with a huge amount of valuable criticism from them. What’s more, here we go: Diversions and test systems give the machines every one of the information they have to comprehend what clients truly need, enhance the offer, and adjust to their requirements.

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Depression, Men and Social Media…

depression
  • A recent study indicates that men expressing toxic masculine behaviors on social media are more likely to be highly depressed.

  • These men seek out negative interactions and display their depression as rage and aggression externally.

  • On the contrary, an easy first step in tackling depression in these men can be just to regulate the online presence to be more positive and optimistic.

A new study in town has put forward a disturbing finding i.e. the men who generally express toxic masculinity such as sexism, homophobia, competitiveness through the social media platform are more prone to be depressed in real life. The observations in the study focus on the relationship between toxic male tendencies, destructive online behaviors, and depression. Hence, it might be possible to bring these men out of their toxic selves, even though It may seem like they don’t want to seek out any help for themselves. Nevertheless, the only thing they have to do is focus on being more positive on social media.

So what exactly does the term “toxic masculinity” stand for? According to Michael Parent, a professor of psychology at the University of Texas, it represents anti-women attitudes which is paired with zero-sum thinking. He further stated that these characteristics of the mind were definitely co-related to negative online behaviors and finally increased depression.

There have been prior studies on the co-relation between depression and social media but their main point of focus has remained on the amount of time spent online instead of the type of usage. Toxic masculinity demands sheer dominance which is associated with rigidly defined gender roles and aggression and in turn makes itself prominent via social media and becomes linked to mental health problems. Parent’s study hypothesized that toxic masculinity forges a stronger bond between social media use and depression. The researchers conducted a study on 402 men who filled questionnaires centered on toxic traits and signs of depression.

It was also found that the men displaying toxic masculine traits were more likely to make efforts to find information that they didn’t agree with and then go after negative online interactions. It doesn’t end at that. These men keep pondering over these interactions even after they’re not using social media platforms. They exhibit more symptoms of depression and display aggression and rage externally.

On the contrary, positive social media usage such as browsing sites with optimistic messages and desirable interactions is linked to decreased levels of depression. Parent stated that it wasn’t an obvious connection between positive and negative online behaviors at the start of their study. But upon finding that out, it’s fascinating as to how easy it is to monitor and regulate social media behaviors to start to tackle deeply rooted depression.

It should be kept in mind that this study focuses on observing the correlation between toxic male tendencies, negative online presence, and depression but it does not, however, confirm that one is the reason the other occurs. And apart from the toxic masculinity theory, the general hypothesis that the people spending more time online are less content of their lives is still valid. So spending lesser and more positive time on social media is the key to higher levels of satisfaction with one’s life.

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Did You Know Bees Can Decode Symbols Into Numbers!?

Bees
  • Bees can relate a character to a particular quantity and in this way are going to establish a system of communication.

  • The discovery is made by the same team who first discovered that bees can sense zero and can do simple arithmetic.

  • This evolution in detecting numbers can be helpful in various fields of science from biotech to operating machine.

Bees are mostly studied because of their uncanny intelligence to sense things like they can hear or sense when there is a danger especially honeybees. They often move their honey from one place to another when they confront danger. Researchers have already discovered that bees can sense zero and can-do basic math which further confirms their importance in the field of technology. But recently a new sparking discovery has made regarding their intelligence and that is they can sense the symbols into numbers. Isn’t it a discovery that could make a revolution in several fields of science?

There is a famous saying that if bees were removed from the surface of Earth, man would have only four years to live. That is precisely true and with the advancement of technology, it seems that we are going to depend on them a little more.

Humans Are Not The Only Ones To Count Numbers

Researchers have trained bees to relate the symbols to some numerical value and believe me this discovery could lead to some serious change in the world of science. Associate Professor Adrian Dyer has put on some light on the fact that before this, humans were only able to detect numbers and are able to detect Arab numerical but now this same thing could be detected by the brain far little than man’s and we must find how n this era we can breach.

Humans have over 86 billion neurons and bees have less than a million but discovering that a million neurons can understand a complex thing like a human brain, it just opens up a whole another level of studying at a micro level.

Birds and primates have also shown signs of this technicality, but insects are the first ones in this era.

Non-Human Species Have Little Minds But A Great Potential

The recent studies on some animals have shown some amazing power of arithmetic like chimpanzees were able to learn Arabic numeral and can order them correctly while an AFRICAN bird named ALEX was able to learn numbers and can add them quite easily. The World just got amazing right!?

But this technique was not limited to vertebrates until now. Bees have become the center of attention as they are the tiniest creatures to able to do this type of thing.

The Bee Experiment

The bee experiment was conducted by Dr. Scarlett Howard, a former Ph.D., and a researcher. A Y- shaped maze was constructed to train the bees to match a character to a specific quantity. Then they were trained that if they could match a specific character to a specific quantity of same or different elements. They did it!

A second group was treated the opposite way that they were to track a quantity to its character. Then both the groups were tested in a reverse manner to know that they could develop a linkage between the concepts given to them.

The result showed that they are not at the same level as other animals, but they have a sense of quick learning ability to act upon the concept given to them. To know that a single million and tiniest brain could have this much sense of approach about such things is just the beginning of a new World of science.

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You Still Think ‘O’ Blood Group Is A Universal Donor? Here Is Something That Will Make You Rethink.

universal donor
  • Researchers have discovered that a single enzyme present in human gut could transform any blood group into O.

  • They have been able to successfully convert the blood type A into a more accepted type which could be donated

  • If this process is applicable to all blood types, then this will revolutionize the blood compatibility and transfusion.

Every single day there are almost hundreds or thousands of people engaging in roadside accidents. And many of them die due to unavailability of perfect blood match. This luxury is becoming more and more of a problem as there are many lives at stake and very less people to donate. Many of us don’t donate more often which we must do but there arises this problem of blood transfusion and donor-recipient compatibility. A healthy person with the exact blood group as that of patient is not available at doorstep especially for a patient who has rare blood type like O- or B-, or AB-.

Thus, up till now we believed that blood group O is a universal donor and AB, the universal recipient but this concept is going to change as every blood type could become a universal donor.

Blood transfusions is a restricted process

According to ABO blood group system there exists four blood types namely A, B, AB, O. The blood group is specified dur to presence of specific antigen on the surface of Red Blood Cells. These antigens are like identification marker for any blood type and in case of blood group antigens, they are present at the time of birth and does not need any stimulus to activate them.

Now when we talk about blood transfusion, we must take account of blood antigens. The transfusion is only possible when the donor doesn’t have the recipient’s corresponding antibodies i.e. A blood group can be donated to only A recipient and vice versa. But type O blood group does not have any antigen therefore it is regarded as universal recipient. Thus, we come to a confusion that blood transfusion is restricted but O blood group can be donated in emergency situations because it is universal donor.

Blood group antigens

The blood group antigens are present on the surface of RBC. Well, they are not directly attached to the surface and this is the point to ponder. They are actually attached to a glycoprotein called substance this concludes that if we happens to eat the sugar, the antigens will be removed from the surface and we will get an RBC having type O phenotype like what happens in Bombay phenotype.

How the blood type can be converted to more universally accepted type

For more than 4 years, the researchers work on this concept and tried to develop an enzyme which could digest the protein sugar complex. They were able to convert the blood type A, but this had a little drawback as the process had a great expense and effort.

So, they keep improving the product when a team led by Stephen Withers, a biologist took a look at the gut bacteria. The bacterial enzymes present in gut are able to eat and digest the sugar present on substances. The mucin was similar to the glycoprotein complex present of on the surface of RBC which could be digested by gut bacteria.

Isolation of genes for bacterial enzymes

The biologists worked on human stool and was able to isolate the DNA which contains gene for the formation of bacterial enzymes. This was all based on hypothesis, now it was time to actually see if it works.

At first, it was not much of a success but then they were able to get two enzymes which were originally derived from the gut bacterium Flavonifractor Plautii. The enzymes were able to remove the sugar right off the surface of RBC. This is a turning point in the concept of transfusion which still needs work and a controlled experiment on humans.

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